Five steps to prevent water pollution

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Garbage in the water with fishes

Why’s it important to prevent water pollution?

Water pollution is escalating. Every year, over 11 million metric tons of plastics enter our oceans. 2 billion people use a water source contaminated with human waste. It’s time to clean up our rivers, lakes and oceans. Here are 5 ways to get in the game:

Step 1

Start plogging! Most of the rubbish that ends up in waterways comes from land-based activities. It can easily end up in a river, lake or ocean if it’s not properly thrown away. Make a difference by picking up trash while you jog – or “plogging.”

Step 2

Dispose of hazardous waste safely. Dumping toxic substances on the ground can contaminate the soil, as well as groundwater and nearby water sources. Be mindful of how we substances like motor oil, pesticides, paint, medicine, household cleaners and even your pet’s flea collar is disposed of.

Step 3

Many fertilisers or pesticides include hazardous chemicals that can contaminate soil and groundwater. If you have to use them, do so in moderation. Pesticides can also be toxic to other species, like honeybees.

Step 4

Don’t throw household items such as wet wipes, nappies, sanitary products, dental floss etc down the toilet. These items don’t break down the same way toilet paper does, so causes water pipe blockages and pollutes our waterways.

Step 5

Be responsible with litter disposal. Especially when visiting areas near a lake, river, or ocean, avoid throwing any type of litter or rubbish into or near the water. Even dropping it on the beach, the tide and wind will eventually send it into the water supply.
“Industrial pollution and the discarding of plastic waste must be tackled for the sake of all life in the ocean.”
David Attenborough
Hand holding a water sphere with a tree on it


Water pollution is a major problem making millions of people sick, threatening our environment and wildlife, and accelerating climate change. Taking small steps in saving water and preventing water pollution in your community can make a big difference.